5
Theory
EC2301 DIGITAL COMMUNICATION 
EC2302 DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING 
EC2303 COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE AND ORGANIZATION
EC2304 MICROPROCESSORS AND MICROCONTROLLERS 
EC2305 TRANSMISSION LINES AND WAVEGUIDES
GE2211 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Laboratory
EC2306 DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING LAB 
EC2307 COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS LAB 
EC2308 MICROPROCESSOR AND MICROCONTROLLER LAB


EC2301 DIGITAL COMMUNICATION 
L T P C 3 0 0 3
UNIT I DIGITAL COMMUNICATION SYSTEM 8 
Introduction to Analog Pulse Communication Systems – Digital Communication Systems
– Functional description, Channel classification, Performance Measure; Geometric
representation of Signals, Bandwidth , Mathematical Models of Communication Channel.
UNIT II BASEBAND FORMATTING TECHNIQUES 10 
Sampling – Impulse sampling, Natural Sampling, Sampler Implementation; Quantisation
– Uniform and Non-uniform; Encoding Techniques for Analog Sources- Temporal
waveform encoding, Spectral waveform encoding, Model-based encoding, Comparison
of speech encoding methods.
UNIT III BASEBAND CODING TECHNIQUES 9 
Error Control Codes - Block Codes , Convolutional Codes, Concept of Error Free
Communication; Classification of line codes, desirable characteristics and power
spectra of line codes.
UNIT IV BASEBAND RECEPTION TECHNIQUES 9 
Noise in Communication Systems; Receiving Filter – Correlator type, Matched Filter
type; Equalising Filter - Signal and system design for ISI elimination, Implementation,
Eye Pattern analysis; Synchronisation; Detector – Maximum Likelihood Detector, Error
Probability, Figure-of-Merit for Digital Detection.
UNIT V BANDPASS SIGNAL TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTION 9 
Memory less modulation methods - Representation and Spectral characteristics, ASK,
PSK, QAM, QPSK, FSK; Bandpass receiving filter, Error performance – Coherent and
Non-coherent detection systems.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS 
TEXT BOOKS: 
1. Amitabha Bhattacharya, “Digital Communications”, Tata McGraw Hill, 2006.
2. Simon Haykin, “Digital Communications”, John Wiley, 2006.
REFERENCES: 
1. John.G. Proakis, “Fundamentals of Communication Systems”, Pearson Education,
2006.
2. Michael. B. Purrsley, “Introduction to Digital Communication”, Pearson Education,
2006.
3. Bernard Sklar, Digital Communication, 2nd Edition, Paerson Education, 2006
4. Herbert Taub & Donald L Schilling – Principles of Communication Systems ( 3rd
Edition ) – Tata McGraw Hill, 2008.
5. Leon W. Couch, Digital and Analog Communication Systems, 6th Edition, Pearson
Education, 2001. 

EC2302 DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING
L T P C
3 1 0 4
UNIT I DISCRETE FOURIER TRANSFORM 9 
DFT and its properties, Relation between DTFT and DFT, FFT computations using
Decimation in time and Decimation in frequency algorithms, Overlap-add and save
methods
UNIT II INFINITE IMPULSE RESPONSE DIGITAL FILTERS: 9 
Review of design of analogue Butterworth and Chebyshev Filters, Frequency
transformation in analogue domain – Design of IIR digital filters using impulse invariance
technique – Design of digital filters using bilinear transform – pre warping – Realization
using direct, cascade and parallel forms.
UNIT III FINITE IMPULSE RESPONSE DIGITAL FILTERS 9 
Symmetric and Antisymmetric FIR filters – Linear phase FIR filters – Design using
Hamming, Hanning and Blackmann Windows – Frequency sampling method –
Realization of FIR filters – Transversal, Linear phase and Polyphase structures.
UNIT IV FINITE WORD LENGTH EFFECTS 9 
Fixed point and floating point number representations – Comparison – Truncation and
Rounding errors - Quantization noise – derivation for quantization noise power –
coefficient quantization error – Product quantization error - Overflow error – Roundoff
noise power - limit cycle oscillations due to product roundoff and overflow errors - signal
scaling
UNIT V MULTIRATE SIGNAL PROCESSING 9 
Introduction to Multirate signal processing-Decimation-Interpolation-Polyphase
implementation of FIR filters for interpolator and decimator -Multistage implementation of
sampling rate conversion- Design of narrow band filters - Applications of Multirate signal
processing.
TOTAL= 60 PERIODS 
TEXT BOOKS: 
1. John G Proakis and Manolakis, “ Digital Signal Processing Principles, Algorithms
and Applications”, Pearson, Fourth Edition, 2007.
2. S.Salivahanan, A. Vallavaraj, C. Gnanapriya, Digital Signal Processing,
TMH/McGraw Hill International, 2007
REFERENCES: 
1. E.C. Ifeachor and B.W. Jervis, “ Digital signal processing – A practical approach”,
Second edition, Pearson, 2002.
2. S.K. Mitra, Digital Signal Processing, A Computer Based approach, Tata McGraw
Hill, 1998.
3. P.P.Vaidyanathan, Multirate Systems & Filter Banks, Prentice Hall, Englewood
cliffs, NJ, 1993.
4. Johny R. Johnson, Introduction to Digital Signal Processing, PHI, 2006 

EC2303 COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE AND ORGANIZATION 
L T P C  3 0 0 3
UNIT I INTRODUCTION 9 
Computing and Computers, Evolution of Computers, VLSI Era, System Design- Register
Level, Processor - Level, CPU Organization, Data Representation, Fixed – Point
Numbers, Floating Point Numbers, Instruction Formats, Instruction Types. Addressing
modes.
UNIT II DATA PATH DESIGN 9 
Fixed Point Arithmetic, Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication and Division, Combinational
and Sequential ALUs, Carry look ahead adder, Robertson algorithm, booth’s algorithm,
non-restoring division algorithm, Floating Point Arithmetic, Coprocessor, Pipeline
Processing, Pipeline Design, Modified booth’s Algorithm
UNIT III CONTROL DESIGN 9 
Hardwired Control, Microprogrammed Control, Multiplier Control Unit, CPU Control Unit,
Pipeline Control, Instruction Pipelines, Pipeline Performance, Superscalar Processing,
Nano Programming.
UNIT IV MEMORY ORGANIZATION 9 
Random Access Memories, Serial - Access Memories, RAM Interfaces, Magnetic
Surface Recording, Optical Memories, multilevel memories, Cache & Virtual Memory,
Memory Allocation, Associative Memory.
UNIT V SYSTEM ORGANIZATION 9 
Communication methods, Buses, Bus Control, Bus Interfacing, Bus arbitration, IO and
system control, IO interface circuits, Handshaking, DMA and interrupts, vectored
interrupts, PCI interrupts, pipeline interrupts, IOP organization, operation systems,
multiprocessors, fault tolerance, RISC and CISC processors, Superscalar and vector
processor.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS 
TEXTBOOKS: 
1. John P.Hayes, ‘Computer architecture and Organisation’, Tata McGraw-Hill, Third
edition, 1998.
2. V.Carl Hamacher, Zvonko G. Varanesic and Safat G. Zaky, “ Computer
Organisation“, V edition, McGraw-Hill Inc, 1996.
REFERENCES: 
1. Morris Mano, “Computer System Architecture”, Prentice-Hall of India, 2000.
2. Paraami, “Computer Architecture”, BEH R002, Oxford Press.
3. P.Pal Chaudhuri, , “Computer organization and design”, 2nd Ed., Prentice Hall of
India, 2007.
4. G.Kane & J.Heinrich, ‘ MIPS RISC Architecture ‘, Englewood cliffs, New Jersey,
Prentice Hall, 1992. 

EC2305 TRANSMISSION LINES AND WAVEGUIDES 
L T P C  3 1 0 4
UNIT I FILTERS 9 
The neper - the decibel - Characteristic impedance of Symmetrical Networks – Current
and voltage ratios - Propogation constant, - Properties of Symmetrical Networks - Filter
fundamentals – Pass and Stop bands. Behaviour of the Characteristic impedance.
Constant K Filters - Low pass, High pass band, pass band elimination filters - m -
derived sections – Filter circuit design – Filter performance – Crystal Filters.
UNIT II TRANSMISSION LINE PARAMETERS 9 
A line of cascaded T sections - Transmission lines - General Solution, Physical
Significance of the equations, the infinite line, wavelength, velocity, propagation,
Distortion line, the telephone cable, Reflection on a line not terminated in Zo, Reflection
Coefficient, Open and short circuited lines, Insertion loss.
UNIT III THE LINE AT RADIO FREQUENCY 9 
Parameters of open wire line and Coaxial cable at RF – Line constants for dissipation -
voltages and currents on the dissipation less line - standing waves – nodes - standing
wave ratio - input impedance of open and short circuited lines - power and impedance
measurement on lines –  / 4 line, Impedance matching – single and double-stub
matching circle diagram, smith chart and its applications – Problem solving using Smith
chart.
UNIT IV GUIDED WAVES BETWEEN PARALLEL PLANES 9 
Application of the restrictions to Maxwell’s equations – transmission of TM waves
between Parallel plans – Transmission of TE waves between Parallel planes.
Transmission of TEM waves between Parallel planes – Manner of wave travel.
Velocities of the waves – characteristic impedance - Attenuators
UNIT V WAVEGUIDES 9 
Application of Maxwell’s equations to the rectangular waveguide. TM waves in
Rectangular guide. TE waves in Rectangular waveguide – Cylindrical waveguides. The
TEM wave in coaxial lines. Excitation of wave guides. Guide termination and resonant
cavities.
TOTAL= 60 PERIODS 
TEXT BOOK: 
1. John D.Ryder, "Networks, lines and fields", Prentice Hall of India, 2nd Edition, 2006.
REFERENCES: 
1. E.C.Jordan, K.G. Balmain: “E.M.Waves & Radiating Systems”, Pearson Education,
2006.
2. Joseph Edminister, Schaum’s Series, Electromegnetics, TMH, 2007.
3. G S N Raju, Electromagnetic Field Theory and Transmission Lines, Pearson
Education, 2006. 

EC2304 MICROPROCESSORS AND MICROCONTROLLERS 
L T P C  3 1 0 4
UNIT I INTRODUCTION TO 8 BIT AND 16 BIT MICROPROCESSORS – H/W
ARCHITECTURE 9 

Introduction to microprocessor, computer and its organization, Programming system,
Address bus, data bus and control bus, Tristate bus, clock generation, Connecting
Microprocessor to I/O devices , Data transfer schemes, Architectural advancements of
microprocessors. Introductory System design using microprocessors, 8086 – Hardware
Architecture, External memory addressing, Bus cycles, some important Companion
Chips, Maximum mode bus cycle, 8086 system configuration, Memory Interfacing,
Minimum mode system configuration, Maximum mode system configuration, Interrupt
processing, Direct memory access.
UNIT II 16 BIT MICROPROCESSOR INSTRUCTION SET AND ASSEMBLY
LANGUAGE PROGRAMMING 9 

Programmer’s model of 8086, operand types, operand addressing, assembler directives,
instruction set - Data transfer group, Arithmetic group, logical group, control transfer
group, miscellaneous instruction groups, programming.

UNIT III MICROPROCESSOR PERIPHERAL INTERFACING 9
Introduction, Generation of I/O Ports, Programmable Peripheral Interface (PPI)-Intel
8255, Sample-and-Hold Circuit and Multiplexer, Keyboard and Display Interface,
Keyboard and Display Controller (8279), Programmable Interval timers (Intel 8253,
8254), D-to-A converter, A-to-D converter, CRT Terminal Interface, Printer Interface.
UNIT IV 8 BIT MICROCONTROLLER- H/W ARCHITECTURE, INSTRUCTION
SET AND PROGRAMMING 9 

Introduction to 8051 Micro-controller, Architecture, Memory organization, Special
function registers, Port Operation, Memory Interfacing, I/O Interfacing, Programming
8051 resources, interrupts, Programmer’s model of 8051, Operand types, Operand
addressing, Data transfer instructions, Arithmetic instructions, Logic instructions, Control
transfer instructions, Programming
UNIT V SYSTEM DESIGN USING MICRO PROCESSOR &
MICROCONTROLLER 9 

Case studies – Traffic light control, washing machine control, RTC Interfacing using I2C
Standard- Motor Control- Relay, PWM, DC & Stepper Motor.
 TOTAL= 60 PERIODS 
TEXT BOOKS: 
1. Krishna Kant, “MICROPROCESSORS AND MICROCONTROLLERS Architecture,
programming and system design using 8085, 8086, 8051 and 8096”. PHI 2007.
2. Douglas V Hall, “MICROPROCESSORS AND INTERFACING, PROGRAMMING
AND HARDWARE” TMH, 2006.
REFERENCES: 
1. Muhammad Ali Mazidi, Janice Gillispie Mazidi, Rolin D.MCKinlay The 8051
Microcontroller and Embedded Systems, Second Edition, Pearson Education 2008.
2. Kenneth J. Ayala, “The 8086 Microprocessor: Programming & Interfacing The PC”,
Delmar Publishers, 2007.
3. A K Ray, K M Bhurchandi, Advanced Microprocessors and Peripherals, TMH, 2007. 

GE2211 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
L T P C 3 0 0 3
UNIT I ENVIRONMENT, ECOSYSTEMS AND BIODIVERSITY 14 
Definition, scope and importance of environment – need for public awareness - concept
of an ecosystem – structure and function of an ecosystem – producers, consumers and
decomposers – energy flow in the ecosystem – ecological succession – food chains,
food webs and ecological pyramids – Introduction, types, characteristic features,
structure and function of the (a) forest ecosystem (b) grassland ecosystem (c) desert
ecosystem (d) aquatic ecosystems (ponds, streams, lakes, rivers, oceans, estuaries) –
Introduction to biodiversity definition: genetic, species and ecosystem diversity –
biogeographical classification of India – value of biodiversity: consumptive use,
productive use, social, ethical, aesthetic and option values – Biodiversity at global,
national and local levels – India as a mega-diversity nation – hot-spots of biodiversity –
threats to biodiversity: habitat loss, poaching of wildlife, man-wildlife conflicts –
endangered and endemic species of India – conservation of biodiversity: In-situ and exsitu
conservation of biodiversity.
Field study of common plants, insects, birds
Field study of simple ecosystems – pond, river, hill slopes, etc.
UNIT II ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION 8 
Definition – causes, effects and control measures of: (a) Air pollution (b) Water pollution
(c) Soil pollution (d) Marine pollution (e) Noise pollution (f) Thermal pollution (g) Nuclear
hazards – soil waste management: causes, effects and control measures of municipal
solid wastes – role of an individual in prevention of pollution – pollution case studies –
disaster management: floods, earthquake, cyclone and landslides.
Field study of local polluted site – Urban / Rural / Industrial / Agricultural.
UNIT III NATURAL RESOURCES 10 
Forest resources: Use and over-exploitation, deforestation, case studies- timber
extraction, mining, dams and their effects on forests and tribal people – Water
resources: Use and over-utilization of surface and ground water, floods, drought,
conflicts over water, dams-benefits and problems – Mineral resources: Use and
exploitation, environmental effects of extracting and using mineral resources, case
studies – Food resources: World food problems, changes caused by agriculture and
overgrazing, effects of modern agriculture, fertilizer-pesticide problems, water logging,
salinity, case studies – Energy resources: Growing energy needs, renewable and non
renewable energy sources, use of alternate energy sources. case studies – Land
resources: Land as a resource, land degradation, man induced landslides, soil erosion
and desertification – role of an individual in conservation of natural resources – Equitable
use of resources for sustainable lifestyles.
Field study of local area to document environmental assets – river / forest / grassland /
hill / mountain.
UNIT IV SOCIAL ISSUES AND THE ENVIRONMENT 7 
From unsustainable to sustainable development – urban problems related to energy –
water conservation, rain water harvesting, watershed management – resettlement and
rehabilitation of people; its problems and concerns, case studies – role of nongovernmental
organization- environmental ethics: Issues and possible solutions –
climate change, global warming, acid rain, ozone layer depletion, nuclear accidents and
holocaust, case studies. – wasteland reclamation – consumerism and waste products –
7
environment production act – Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) act – Water
(Prevention and control of Pollution) act – Wildlife protection act – Forest conservation
act – enforcement machinery involved in environmental legislation- central and state
pollution control boards- Public awareness.
UNIT V HUMAN POPULATION AND THE ENVIRONMENT 6 
Population growth, variation among nations – population explosion – family welfare
programme – environment and human health – human rights – value education – HIV /
AIDS – women and child welfare – role of information technology in environment and
human health – Case studies.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS 
TEXT BOOKS: 
1. Gilbert M.Masters, “Introduction to Environmental Engineering and
Science”, 2nd Edition, Pearson Education ,2004.
2. Benny Joseph, “Environmental Science and Engineering”, Tata McGraw-Hill, New
Delhi, 2006.
REFERENCES: 
1. R.K. Trivedi, “Handbook of Environmental Laws, Rules, Guidelines, Compliances
and Standards”, Vol. I and II, Enviro Media.
2. Cunningham, W.P. Cooper, T.H. Gorhani, “Environmental Encyclopedia”, Jaico
Publ., House, Mumbai, 2001.
3. Dharmendra S. Sengar, “Environmental law”, Prentice hall of India PVT LTD, New
Delhi, 2007.
4. Rajagopalan, R, “Environmental Studies-From Crisis to Cure”, Oxford University
Press (2005) 


LABORATORY

EC2306 DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING LAB 
L T P C 0 0 3 2
USING TMS320C5X/TMS320C 67XX/ADSP 218X/219X/BS531/532/561
1. Study of various addressing modes of DSP using simple programming examples
2. Implementation of Linear and Circular Convolution
3. Sampling of input signal and display
4. Waveform generation
5. Implementation of FIR filter
USING MATLAB 
1. Generation of Signals
2. Linear and circular convolution of two sequences
3. Sampling and effect of aliasing
4. Design of FIR filters
5. Design of IIR filters
6. Calculation of FFT of a signal
7. Decimation by polyphase decomposition.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS 

EC2307 COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS LAB 
L T P C 0 0 3 2
1. Amplitude modulation and Demodulation.
2. Frequency Modulation and Demodulation
3. Pulse Modulation – PAM / PWM / PPM
4. Pulse Code Modulation
5. Delta Modulation, Adaptive Delta Modulation.
6. Digital Modulation & Demodulation – ASK, PSK, QPSK, FSK (Hardware &
MATLAB)
7. Designing, Assembling and Testing of Pre-Emphasis / De-emphasis Circuits.
8. PLL and Frequency Synthesizer
9. Line Coding
10. Error Control Coding using MATLAB.
11. Sampling & Time Division Multiplexing.
12. Frequency Division Multiplexing,
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS 


EC2308 MICROPROCESSOR AND MICROCONTROLLER LAB
 L T P C 0 0 3 2
1. Programs for 16 bit Arithmetic operations (Using 8086).
2. Programs for Sorting and Searching (Using 8086).
3. Programs for String manipulation operations (Using 8086).
4. Programs for Digital clock and Stop watch (Using 8086).
5. Interfacing ADC and DAC.
6. Parallel Communication between two MP Kits using Mode 1 and Mode 2 of 8255.
7. Interfacing and Programming 8279, 8259, and 8253.
8. Serial Communication between two MP Kits using 8251.
9. Interfacing and Programming of Stepper Motor and DC Motor Speed control.
10. Programming using Arithmetic, Logical and Bit Manipulation instructions of 8051
microcontroller.
11. Programming and verifying Timer, Interrupts and UART operations in 8051
microcontroller.
12. Communication between 8051 Microcontroller kit and PC.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS 

Post a Comment

  1. Thanx for the info, pls upload for Mech dept ,

    ReplyDelete
  2. how to add ur blog sidebar facebook social plug plz tel me

    ReplyDelete
  3. Contact me with your Blog url ,i'll guide to do that.

    likescarlet@gmail.com |
    http://seoblogdesign.blogspot.com

    ReplyDelete
  4. Sure we'll update it.

    ReplyDelete

 
Top